As another vibrant and promising year is just around the corner; India’s population (2014) has already hit the mark of 1.26 billion. While the global population 2014 score reaches at 7.2 billion, India roughly represents 18% of the total world populace. It means that every 1 out of 6 people live in India. Although, China still holds the #1 position of being the most populated country (1.39 billion) in the world, India is all set to beat the number within one or two decades. With a growth rate of 1.5 %, India is very much likely to have more than 250 million people in another 15 years.
World population day is celebrated each year on 11th July. It was started in 1987 the day world population touched the mark of 7 billion. Apparently there is not a great rise in population in global terms, but Indian population graph shows a precipitous hike from 0.7 million to 1.2 billion. This clearly points towards the unusual high growth rate of India’s population. Worldometer statistics 2014 reveal India’s population growth rate to be 1.25% with the highest participation of age group 1-4 years and the lowest participation of age group 70-100 years with the world ranking of #1 and #7 respectively. These horrendous figures highlight two major aspects of India’s population- high birth rate and low life expectancy. According to a recent survey, 50 children take birth every minute in India. Also, 20 per 1,000 births and 7 per 1,000 deaths take place in India.
During the first half of 21st century, nine countries are expected to account for nearly half of the world population. These are India, China, Pakistan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Nigeria, Uganda, Bangladesh, United States and Ethiopia. Among these, India and China have the largest share with China still being at the top. Since China has already implemented its One Child policy, India is sure to win the numero uno position by the end of 2050.
Population track: India versus World
With each successive year, India adds considerably to the world population. In fact, the population of a few Indian states corresponds to the gross population of many countries. For example, Bihar’s population is nearly 100 million and it exceeds the population of Germany by 20 million as on 1st March, 2013. The population of Uttar Pardesh, the most populated state of India, is 210 million and exceeds the Brazilian population by 10 million. Maharashtra, the second most populous state, records 117 million people on its land and equals to the population of Japan and Mexico.
India Population 2014: Sex Ratio
Indian Population 2014 growth rate of 1.5% varies between its male and female population. There are 655 million males and 614 million females. This implies 940 females per 1000 males. Kerela has the highest sex ratio (1058 females per 1000 males) and Haryana has the lowest sex ratio (860 female per 1000 males). The census statistics of 2011 made an alarming revelation of major decline in the girl sex ratio with chief culprit being SC/ST population. However, the present scenario is a little bit changed and a positive growth is seen in the female population from 2001 to 2013. The higher trend in sex ratio is noted in North India with major focus on Punjab, Haryana, Delhi and Chandigarh. In 2013, Haryana has recorded 880 females per 1000 male (previously 860/1000). Punjab’s girl population changed from 870/1000 to 895/1000 and Delhi also earned a growth of 50/1000 girls to its total population.
Literacy Impact on India Population 2014
According to the National Census Report 2011, the crown of the highest literate state in India has been on Kerela’s head since past couple of years. However, The Telegraph, a reputed Calcutta e-paper, reports Tripura to achieve the highest literacy rate at 94.65% as on September 9, 2013. Hence, Tripura has surpassd Kerela’s literacy rate by nearly 1%. To know about economic, social and cultural development of a country, literacy rate is a powerful indicator. Any human being above the age of 7 who can read and write is considered literate.
Both literacy rate and sex ratio are interlinked. A state with the higher literacy rate shows higher sex ratio as well. For example, Kerela along with being a full literate state also enjoys the glory of having more females than males. On the contrary, Haryana with only 75% literacy rate records a deplorable low sex ratio. Bihar also comes last in this literacy ranking with just 65% literate people.
Majority of illiterate people are still to be found in the rural areas of India where people are poor and have limited access to resources. Government of India has taken laudable steps in this direction to improve the literacy rate in rural India. Several schools have been opened in the rural and other remote areas. Free education programmes are being launched every year. Several commitees have been set up to utilize the education funds and grants. Consequently, there is an improvement of 10% growth in literacy rate during last 10-12 years.
Employed Indian Population 2014
Another disturbing statistics of Indian economy points at the unemployment rate of India. Among the 1.25 billion people of Mother India, only 28 million are employed and 39 million are unemployed. Although with the increase of schools and colleges, there has been a subsequent decline in the proportion of youth in the labour force; unemployment would still remain a matter of concern in India for years to come. As the ratio of people in the age group 16-30 years has increased, this protuberance in the working age group will hasten the growth of the country.
Disabled population is also a matter of concern for India. There has been an increase of 22.4% in the disabled population since 2001. It includes 52% male and 48% female. In rural areas, there are more handicaps than urban areas. Some of these people, despite being literate, push themselves in the forced unemployment zone.
Triggers behind Increasing India Population 2014
Poverty, ignorance, high birth rate are the major culprits liable for evergrowing India’s population. A poor person can not think beyond the needs of his family, for whom an extra family member means an extra earning hand. Preference for the male child is yet another reason behind the urge of having one more child.
The unparalleled increase in India’s population is also the result of industrial, medical and technological revolutions. As a result of advanced healthcare facilities, death rate has significantly fallen down causing higher life expectancy. Industrial and technological surge has contributed to the increased food production to support the needs of growing population.
Traditional, cultural and religious beliefs are also the main reasons accounting for ‘Population Explosion’ in India. One of the malpractices in India is to marry a girl at an early age. Accordingly, she bears a child at a tender age of 15-16. Although marriage before the age of 18 is illegal in India, there are some tribes where such rituals are still practised. Bearing child at a young age subsequently leads to having more children. This results in the increased global fertility rate. Educating people on the pros and cons of having big families is the only way to change their mindsets and develop their rational thinking.
In India, majority of the population lives in villages. Village dwellers have limited access to education facilities as compared to city inhabitants. Contraceptive measures are not openly advertised in these areas due to social taboos. Women are subdued and not let to take their own decision in family planning. Some children (especially girls) do not get the privilege of attending college as they are not allowed to commute to cities. Hence, they have to be content after completing their basic education. These factors contribute to the image of highly populated and underdeveloped India.
Overview of Indian Population 2014
Some might be unaware of this fact that India was the first nation to implement National Family Planning Programme in 1952. The programme conferred considerable results lowering the fertility rate to almost half. During the last half of 21st century, use of contraceptives grew to three times which was a revolutionary step in the yet traditional India. However, India failed to achieve its goal and its population rocketed three times since independence. On the other hand, China has received tremendous result from its ‘One Child Policy’ and claims to thwart 700 million births during the last 30 years.
Government of India has taken marvellous steps to achieve the target of 100% literacy. It implemented its first Five Year Plan(1951-56) of Social Education which aimed at leadership training and general education. Gram Shiksha Mohim, Non-formal education (NFE), Functional Literacy for Adult Women (FLAW), National Adult Education Programme (NAEP) and Rural Functional Literacy Project (RFLP) are a few milestones in the national literacy campaign. Some other remarkable projects such as National Policy on Education 1986 and National Literacy Mission (NLM) have helped in achieving the exponential literacy growth rate of 45% over the last half of 21st century. However, there is still a long way to go.
Population Of India 2013
According to 2011 census Population of India was 121,01,93422 .
Current Population of India 2013 will be 1,239.26 Millions .
After around 200 years of British rule India awoke to independence on 15th august 1947 and became a sovereign secular nation. The republic of India covers 3,288,580 vast trench of area and its borders are surrounded by the Himalayan range and water bodies and few neighboring countries .Its has a unique identification for it being rich and diversified in its natural resources and topographical representation. India is a multiethnic and multilingual country with as many as 600 languages spoken all over the nation. Major religions of the words have their roots of origin in India. India is often assessed as an amalgamation of many countries tied together by a common destiny. It has the biggest and successful democratic form of government. India is amongst the emerging super powers of the world but it still lies in the UN list of developing countries being back held by poverty and corruption. India has huge population currently estimated to be 1,241,491,960 making it the most populated after china which lies in the vicinity of figures.
Assessment of population of India can be done through undergoing the detailed scenario of country’s past in aspect of its population.
- Population of India :- Pre-independence
India’s population growth caught a faster pace in the third decade of 19th century. Until 1920, India’s population growth was steady due to heavy loss of human life due to wars, famines and epidemics. The population level arouse since 1921 due to advancement of technology and control forms to combat famine and epidemics making such high losses of mankind.
For the first time since the setup of systematic census in 1881, India’s population enhanced by more than 10% in a decade with census,1931 enumeration a population of 279 million.
- Population of India:- Post independence – Present
When India attained independence with a population of 345 million it faced a series of challenges in every aspect of statecraft. Due to much controversial partition 8 million refugees had come into the country from what was now Pakistan, which was population surplus.
At the time of independence, India was termed as an agricultural country because of the vast majority of masses residing in rural areas while few percent of the population dwelled in urban towns and as agriculture was the chief source of income-India being a fertile land.
Since independence, the population of India has more than tripled itself.
Since 1950, India’s total fertility rate accounted to 6(children/woman) approx.
Since 1952, India has been continuously trying to control its population growth which was increasing at an uncontrolled rate.
In 1983, Country took up a national health policy to have a decreased value of total fertility rate of 2.1 by the year 2000 which concluded to be a hypothetical assumption.
During late 1980s, an aim to have two children/couple by 2000 was declared but results as being too ambitious
In 2000 India’s population crossed the billion mark.
All figures with respect to population are large in India: 2.7 million annual births; 8.7 million annual deaths and 1.5 million infant deaths.
Growing population of India attracted concern since 1947 followed by innumerous policies none of them which qualified to attain expected results. Above all there has been huge growth in the population over the decades.
AS of 2007, United Nations human development index ranked India 126th, which takes into account social educational and other human living aspects with Population growth bearing a direct impact on socio-economic level.
India is a complex land. On one aspect analyzing the metropolitan cities of India one draws it to be a developing nation with upgraded lifestyle and trade efficiency but the others aspect explains a completely different and a factual story that majority of Indian’s are still rooted to villages making it an agricultural and rural nation.
India has faced the worst consequences of such overpopulation in terms of poverty, malnourishment and illiteracy.
- State and union territory population of India according to 2011 census:-
|NO||State and union territory||Population in 2011||total % of all population||Rural population||Urban population|
|18||Jammu and Kashmir||12,548,926||1.04%||7,627,062||2,516,638|
|UT4||Andaman and Nicobar Islands||379,944||0.03%||239,954||116,198|
|UT5||Dadra and Nagar Haveli||342,853||0.03%||170,027||50,463|
|UT6||Daman and Diu||242,911||0.02%||100,856||57,348|
Current Population Of INDIA
- India: A brief Overview
After two centuries of coherent British colonial rule, India attained independence and became a sovereign secular nation on august 15, 1947.The republic of India is spread over a vast area of 3,287,590 square kilometers making it marginally more than one-third the size of the United States. With a unique distinction of being rich and diversified in its geographical presentation, religion and culture, India is a multilingual and multiethnic society. World’s major religions such as Hinduism and Buddhism have their roots of origin here. It is often referred to as an amalgamation of many countries tied together by a common destiny and the biggest yet strong and successful democracy. While it’s an emerging economic power but majority of life remains rooted to the rural areas. India has a vast population and is the 2nd country to cross the 1 billion population figure. Population of India is a big problem of Indian economic growth .
To access the detailed overview of population in India and its implications on the socio economic strata of the country and ways to combat such immense enhancement in population over the decades let’s get down to the categorized form of state of India firstly, as a British empowered colony and secondly, as a sovereign.
Population Of India, Census 2011 :- 1,210,193,422
- Population of India : Pre-Independence Era
India’s rapid rise of population was originated in the third decade of the 19th century which drew immense concern. Until 1920, India’s population was growing at snail pace owing to heavy loss of life due to famines, wars and epidemics.
According to census reports decline in population of the country within its present geographical boundaries took place between 1911 and 1921 by 0.8 million due to high mortality inflicted by the influenza pandemic of 1918-1919.The population steadily increased since 1921 because of scientific advancement and technical know how for epidemic and famine control and sanitation measures undertaken by the provincial governments
For the first time since the initiation of the systematic census in 1881, India’s population increased slightly by more than 10% in a decade with the 1931 census enumerating a population of 279.0 million.
The interest and action from social reformers to combat this population growth Land its adverse effect on women health is significant in character.
- Population:Post Independence period
When India attained independence on the dawn of august 15.1947,it faced a series of challenges in every aspect of a state-societal matrix, socio economic complications and defense. As a result of partition 8 million refugees had come into the country from what was now Pakistan. The people had to be found satisfactory standards of living education and employment thus this migration was a surplus population input to India.
India’s population in 1947 was large, almost 345 million .the citizens of the vast land inhibited lingual, cultural and ethical difference and practiced different professions and ate different food. At the time of independence vast majority of population dwelled in rural areas with a marginal percentage of people residing in cities. Clearly,the new nation had to lift its masses out of poverty by increasing the productivity of agriculture and initiating setup of new industries.
Since independence, the population of India has more than tripled.
Since 1950, India’s total fertility rate was 6(children/woman) approx.
Since 1952, India has made efforts to control its population growth. It was of prime necessity as check on population growth will enhance the country economic condition and will be a promoting step towards the eradication of poverty.
In 1983, the goal of the country’s national health policy was to have a decremented value of total fertility rate of 2.1 by the year 2000 which proved to be hypothetical.
During late 1980s,a goal of two children/couple by 2000 was declared but too ambitious to be achieved.
India’s population crossed the 1 billion mark in 2000
In 2000, India established a new National Population Policy (NPP) to stem the growth of the country population having one of the primary aims to reduce the total fertility rate to 2.1 by 2010, But still unachieved it remains as high as 2.8.also set another goal of two-child family which led to unwanted results of increased abortion of female fetuses and preferences to male child. Many states joined in the program but few states like Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh have withdrew because of cries from many segments of society.
All figures with respect to population is large in India: 2.7 million annual births;8.7 million annual deaths and 1.5 million infant deaths.
Population growth in India was viewed as a problem very early in 1947 but after numerous population policies and measures still the aims couldn’t be achieved and above all there has been immense enhancement in the population over the decades.
In the most populated states Bihar and Uttar Pradesh, fertility still remains above four children per woman and is declining slowly but these states having the quarter of India’s population have a defining role to play for the reduction of population by control on fertility rates.
An additional important aspect to India’s population policy is imbalance of the sex ratio at birth. The widespread strong preference of a male child over a female has resulted in abortion of female fetuses.
- Present scenario: The Facts
- India with 1.22 billion people is the second most pop ululated country in the world .India represents apparently 17.30% of the world’s population. With population growth rate flying at 1.58% it’s predicted to have more than 1.53 billion people by end of 2030.
- More than 50% of India’s current population is below the age of 25.About 72% population lives in village while the rest dwells in towns or urban agglomerations.
- The birth rate per 100 people per year is 22.22 births/1000 populations
- While, Death rate per 1000 individuals per year is 6.4 deaths/1000 populations
- Fertility rate is 2.72born/woman
- Infant mortality rate is 30.15 deaths/1000 live births.
- India has the largest illiterate population of the world
- Implication of growing population in India:
India’s high count on population results in increasingly impoverished and sub standards for growing segments of the Indian populace.
In the United Nations human development index in 2007, India ranked 126th which takes into account social educational and other human living aspects. Population growth bearing a direct impact on economy is a controversial debate
- How to combat population growth India:
Rapid reduction in population growth can be achieved through public awareness and emancipation of women through imparting knowledge and education to woman and people residing in the rural sectors of India.
By meeting all felt needs for contraception and reducing the infant and maternal mortality and mortalityso that desired reduction in fertility level is achieved.
India is a complex land. A visitor to Delhi might leave with the impression that India is rapidly becoming a middle-class country with a consumer-oriented and developed lifestyle. But India remains a rural country at the core.Progress has been achieved on many fronts if the size of the population is considered as an impediment.Agricultural production quadrupled during a remarkable transformation of its agricultural segments in the 1960s and 1970s (the “Green Revolution”)
Nonetheless, almost 50 percent of Indian children are malnourished. The expansion of the healthcare system has raised life expectancy at birth to 63 years from less than 40 years in 1950. But less than half of births are attended by skilled health personnel, and maternal mortality is still high.
During the 20th century, India’s population growth awoke from the doldrums as real progress was made against disease and hunger. The quarter-billion of 1900 became the 1 billion of 2000. Slowing such unheard-of growth became a national priority from the nation’s beginning, and India can count many successes in that effort.
India’s wide demographical differences have made it difficult for an all-around implementation of policies. India’s future in terms of population largely depends on the northern side which is much populated. Fair results are heterogeneous isn’t attained on whole.
Now the question of 2 billion Arises. Will India become the world’s first population?
“Double billionaire?” Such a development is well within Mathematical possibility. That is one of India’s most compelling future issues.